A Comprehensive Guide To Singapore Lasting Power Of Attorney (LPA)


Planning for the future is essential, especially when it comes to making important decisions about your finances, health, and overall well-being.

The Singapore LPA is a legal framework that allows individuals to appoint someone they trust to make decisions on their behalf in the event that they become mentally incapacitated. The Singapore LPA provides peace of mind and empowers individuals to ensure that their wishes are respected, even if they are unable to make decisions for themselves.

In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive guide to the Singapore Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA), covering everything from eligibility criteria and the application process to the different types of LPAs and how to revoke them. This guide will help you make informed decisions about your future and ensure that your best interests are always protected.

Table of Contents

singapore lpa

1. Introduction To The Singapore Lasting Power Of Attorney (LPA)

  • The Singapore LPA is a comprehensive legal framework that offers peace of mind to individuals who may be concerned about their ability to make decisions in the future.
  • By proactively establishing a Singapore LPA, individuals can maintain control over their affairs and ensure that their best interests are protected, regardless of their mental capacity.

2. Purpose & Benefits Of A LPA

  • Understanding the purpose and benefits of the Singapore LPA is crucial for anyone seeking to empower their decision-making for the future in Singapore.
  • The Singapore LPA is a legal document that allows individuals, known as donors, to appoint one or more persons, known as donees, to make decisions on their behalf should they lose mental capacity in the future.
  • One of the key benefits of the Singapore LPA is that it allows donors to maintain control over their affairs, even if they become mentally incapacitated.
  • Without a Singapore LPA in place, decisions regarding the donor’s assets, healthcare, and personal welfare may be left in the hands of the court or government-appointed deputies. This can lead to delays, disputes, and decisions that may not align with the donor’s preferences.
  • Another advantage of the Singapore LPA is that it enables donors to choose their own decision-makers, ensuring that individuals they trust and believe will act in their best interests are appointed. This provides a sense of security and reassurance, knowing that their affairs will be managed by someone who understands their values and priorities.
  • The Singapore LPA promotes transparency and accountability.
    • Donees are legally obligated to act in the donor’s best interests. They must keep clear records of their decisions and actions.
    • This ensures that there is a level of oversight and protection against any potential abuse or misuse of power.

3. What Is the Difference Between A LPA And A Power of Attorney?

  • A Singapore LPA is only effective when you lose your mental capacity.
  • A Power of Attorney is only effective when you still have your mental capacity and the scope of powers of your Attorney to act within the powers given by you. If you lose your mental capacity, the powers granted under the Power of Attorney shall be invalid or ineffective.

4. What Could Happen If I Don’t Make A LPA?

  • Losing one’s mental capacity is not just for the elderly; younger people may become incapacitated through accident or illness.
  • When someone suffers a loss of mental capacity, they can no longer decide for themselves and need someone else to do so. This can be difficult for both the individual and their loved ones.
  • Without a Singapore LPA, your family must apply to the court to get access and take control of your assets and finances.
  • Applying to the court can be expensive and time-consuming, and there is no guarantee that the court will grant authority to your family members.
  • Making a Singapore LPA ensures that your wishes are carried out quickly and efficiently if you become incapacitated.

5. Who Can Create A LPA?

  • Creating a Singapore LPA is a crucial step in empowering decision-making for the future. But who exactly can create a Singapore LPA?
  • In Singapore, anyone who is aged 21 years old or above and has mental capacity can create an LPA.
  • This means that individuals, regardless of their age or health status, have the opportunity to plan for unforeseen circumstances and ensure their wishes are respected.

6. When Should You Consider Creating A LPA?

There are various scenarios in which creating a Singapore LPA becomes essential.

  • Suppose you have a family history of illnesses or conditions that may affect mental capacity, such as dementia. In that case, it is wise to start considering a Singapore LPA early on. By doing so, you can proactively appoint a trusted person to act on your behalf in the event that you are no longer able to make decisions.
  • If you have significant assets or financial matters that require management, a Singapore LPA can be a valuable tool. It allows you to select a trusted person to handle your financial affairs and ensure that your assets are properly managed according to your wishes.
  • Individuals with specific healthcare preferences or medical conditions may also benefit from creating a Singapore LPA. By appointing someone to make medical decisions on your behalf, you can ensure that your healthcare choices align with your values, providing peace of mind for both you and your loved ones.

Ultimately, the decision to create a Singapore LPA should be made based on individual circumstances and personal preferences. It is recommended to consult with a legal professional who specializes in estate planning to understand the intricacies of the process and ensure that your Singapore LPA accurately reflects your wishes.

7. Types Of Decisions Covered By A LPA

  • When it comes to the Singapore LPA, it is essential to understand the types of decisions that this legal document can cover.
  • The Singapore LPA empowers individuals to appoint someone they trust, known as the Donee, to make decisions on their behalf should they lose mental capacity in the future.
  • 2 main types of decisions can be covered by a Singapore LPA:
    • Personal welfare decisions; and
    • Property and financial affairs decisions.
  • Personal welfare decisions encompass a wide range of matters related to the individual’s personal life and well-being.
    • This includes decisions regarding their healthcare, such as medical treatment, the choice of doctors or caregivers, and even decisions about where they should live.
    • It also covers decisions about their daily routine, such as what they eat, wear, or participate in.
  • Property and financial affairs decisions deal with matters related to the individual’s assets, finances, and property.
    • This includes managing bank accounts, paying bills, handling investments, buying or selling property, and managing other financial transactions.
    • It enables the Donee to step in and make important decisions regarding the individual’s financial matters, ensuring that their assets are protected and managed appropriately.
  • Having a thorough understanding of the types of decisions covered by a Singapore LPA is vital for individuals who wish to plan for their future and ensure that their interests are protected.
  • By taking the necessary steps to create a Singapore LPA that encompasses the relevant decisions, individuals can have peace of mind knowing that their trusted Donee will be empowered to make decisions in their best interests when they are no longer able to do so themselves.

8. Choosing Your Donee(s)

  • Choosing your Donee (s) is a crucial step in the Singapore LPA process.
  • These individuals will be entrusted with making decisions on your behalf when you are unable to do so in the future. It is important to carefully consider who you appoint as your Donee (s) and understand their responsibilities.
  • Your Donee (s) should be individuals whom you trust implicitly and who have your best interests at heart.
    • They should possess the necessary maturity, reliability, and ability to make sound decisions on your behalf. It is advisable to choose someone who knows you well, understands your values, and can advocate for your wishes.
  • It is important to have a conversation with your potential Donee (s) to ensure that they are willing to take on this responsibility.
    • They should be aware of the scope of their duties and be prepared to act in your best interests.
    • It is recommended to appoint more than one Donee to provide a system of checks and balances, ensuring that decisions are made collectively and in your best interest.
  • Choosing your Donee (s) is a critical decision when creating a Singapore LPA.
    • Take the time to select individuals who are trustworthy, reliable, and understand your values.
    • Ensure they are willing to take on the responsibility and understand their duties.
    • By appointing the right Donee (s) and fostering effective communication, you can empower decision-making for your future and have peace of mind knowing that your interests will be protected.

9. Understanding The Responsibilites Of Your Donee(s)

  • Understanding the responsibilities of your Donee (s) is essential.
  • They will be authorized to make decisions regarding your personal welfare, property, and affairs, as specified in the Singapore LPA.
    • This includes managing your finances, making healthcare decisions, and handling legal matters on your behalf.
    • They must act in accordance with the rules as set out in the Mental Capacity Act and always prioritize your welfare and preferences.
  • It is important to discuss your wishes and expectations with your chosen Donee (s) to ensure they have a clear understanding of your preferences. Regular communication, trust, and transparency are key factors in a successful LPA arrangement.

10. Step-By-Step Process To Create A LPA in Singapore

Creating a Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) in Singapore is a straightforward process that empowers individuals to make important decisions for their future.

This step-by-step guide will walk you through each stage of creating a Singapore LPA to ensure a smooth and legally binding process.

Step 1: Understand the LPA

  • Before embarking on the creation of an LPA, it is crucial to understand its purpose and benefits.

Step 2: Choose Your Donees And Witnesses

  • Identify trustworthy individuals whom you would like to appoint as your donees.
  • They should be individuals who understand your values, preferences and wishes.
  • Additionally, choose two witnesses who are at least 21 years old and not mentally incapacitated. These witnesses should not be your donees or their spouses.

Step 3: Obtain The Prescribed LPA Form & Complete the LPA Form (Online)

  • Visit the Office of the Public Guardian (OPG) website or obtain the LPA form from their office.
  • Log In to the OPG website using your Singpass.
  • Carefully fill in the required details in the LPA form, including your personal information, choice of donees, and any specific instructions or preferences. Take your time to ensure accuracy and clarity in your responses.
  • After your LPA has been completed and submitted, your donees will be notified by the OPG office to confirm that they are agreeable to accept their appointment. Once all your donees have accepted their appointment, then you will need to visit a Certificate Issuer to certify your LPA.

Step 4: Seek A Certificate Issuer’s Opinion

  • Before you can register your LPA, you need a certificate issuer’s opinion to confirm that you understand the nature and consequences of creating an LPA.
  • Consult a qualified professional, such as a lawyer or medical practitioner, who will assess your mental capacity and issue the necessary certificate.

Step 5: Register your LPA

  • Submit the completed LPA form, certificate issuer’s opinion, and registration fee to the OPG for registration. The registration process validates the LPA and provides legal recognition.
  • Once registered, the LPA becomes effective and enforceable.

By following these steps, you can create a valid and comprehensive LPA in Singapore, empowering your chosen individuals to make decisions that align with your wishes, even if you are no longer able to do so yourself. It is advisable to seek legal advice or consult the OPG for any specific queries or concerns during the process.

11. Making Changes Or Revoking An Existing LPA

Once you have executed a LPA in Singapore, it is essential to understand the process of making changes or revoking the existing LPA.

Life is dynamic, and circumstances may change over time, requiring adjustments to be made to your LPA.

Changes To An Existing LPA

Revoking An Existing LPA

  • If you wish to change the Donees or make any other changes, you would need to revoke your existing LPA entirely and create a new LPA.
  • To revoke your LPA, you must follow the legal procedure outlined by the Office of the Public Guardian (OPG).
    • First, you need to complete a prescribed form known as Donor Revocation Form 2022 for Lasting Power of Attorney LPA, which is available on the OPG’s website. This form allows you to revoke your LPA
    • Once you have completed the form, it should be signed and witnessed in the presence of a certificate issuer. The certificate issuer can be a registered medical practitioner, a practising lawyer, or an accredited LPA certificate issuer appointed by the OPG. This ensures the validity and authenticity of the revocation being made.

It is essential to note that making changes or revoking an existing LPA should not be taken lightly. It is advisable to seek professional advice, such as consulting a lawyer or contacting the OPG directly, to ensure that the process is done correctly and within the legal framework.


Planning for the future can be daunting, but with the Singapore Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA), you can ensure that your loved ones have the authority to make important decisions on your behalf when you are no longer able to.

By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can navigate the process smoothly and provide yourself and your family with peace of mind.

Remember, it’s never too early to start planning for the future, so why not take the first step today?

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